Dogs and cats are constantly exposed to foreign substances and organisms that can cause allergic reactions. To avoid complications it is important to provide special care to your skin and prevent allergies. Prevention requires some care basics, such as a healthy and nutritious food, a place to live and a clean environment.
An allergy is a reaction to a foreign substance called an allergen. This can be a bacterial product, a drug, different foods, pollen, wool or an insect. It is normal for your dog or cat to scratch from time to time. However, if the pet is scratching, licking or excessive hair loss and persistent, it could be a sign of an allergy.
Health is in the skin
When the skin begins to itch, your pet starts scratching, biting and rubbing. This behavior is intensified as far as the itching continues. The hair is lost, the skin becomes red and can cause infections. See your veterinarian immediately to identify and treat the problem as soon as possible.
The skin reflects the health of your pet. A neglected coat can lead to infection and promote the proliferation of external parasites. The pet must always have a clean blanket and a dirty constitutes a favorable environment for the growth of fungi and bacteria.
Fleas: enemies of the pet
Within allergies in pets, one of the most common causes affecting both domestic species is caused by external parasites like fleas, ticks, lice, scabies, etc. Fleas, by biting the animal, they inject a tiny amount of saliva sufficient to sensitize them to the itching. In this sense, a single flea can trigger allergic entire process.
There are several effective products to control this insect, both specific and liquid aerosols and household insecticides. You can also opt to place your best friend a necklace that will change regularly, apply special powders or tablets give flea. Remember that before you do anything, you should consult with your veterinarian.
Beware of flowers
Allergic reactions are caused by inhaled substances from the pollen of flowers, grass or other plants in the house, as well as for house dust and mold. Apparently, there is a genetic predisposition in dogs and cats have this type of allergy, which usually appears between the first and third year of the animal.
The initial step to solve it is to identify the substance that causes allergy and, if possible, remove it from the environment where the pet lives. There are different types of treatments, including the provision of low doses of corticosteroids, the results vary depending on the specimen. Therefore, these drugs must be given under strict veterinary control.
Caution: do not touch
Physical contact with pet offending substances such as insecticides, paints, pollen and grass, among others, also can trigger rejection reactions. Areas of thin or no hair coat are often the worst affected. Allergies have a contact broken skin, dry and cracked.
Try not to let your pet try to relieve the pain or discomfort licking or scratching, and get worse. Go to the specialist as soon as possible while applying wet cloths to soothe the sting. Do not bathe your dog or cat using the same gels and shampoos you use for your personal hygiene: they need specific products.
They can also be caused by feeding problems. The lack or excess of certain important nutrients in the diet can cause. Some dogs and cats are allergic to foods containing certain types of proteins and fatty acids. In these cases it is recommended to feed them with specific balanced products.
A phenomenon of this type of diet should be supervised by an animal health expert. While allergy to compounds in the diet is usually observed for clinical signs of the skin (pruritus) is also possible to observe reactions to the respiratory tract (sneezing and coughing) and at tract (vomiting and diarrhea).
A healthy and nutritious diet will encourage dogs and cats to recover energy, participate in family activities and minimize the risk of disease, helping your pet is a healthier, happier life.