Cancer – How to discover and prevent the symptoms


Here are some recommendations for early detection of cancer for people who don’t have any kind of symptoms.

The regular control of the recommended age is the best prevention against the possible risk of developing any type of cancer.

Periodic controls

For people between 20 and 40 years are recommended the timely medical examinations that include counseling focused on the priority risks, examination of the oral cavity, thyroid, lymph nodes, testes, ovaries and skin.

For the people aged over 40 years this kind of periodic check-ups should be done every year.

Location of the cancer / recommendations:


At the age of 40, clinical breast examinations and mammography should be performed once a year, and the self – check once a month.

Women between 20 and 39 years must do the clinical examinations on every 3 years, and the self – check once a month.


For men and women aged over 50 years, is recommended one of the three approaches:

  • Testing for occult stool bleeding – once a year and flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years.
  • Colonoscopy, which should be repeated every 10 years.
  • Irigography with double contrast which needs to be repeated on every 10 years.
  • Simultaneously with the sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy or Irigography should be done and digital rectal examination.
  • For who have a high risk for developing cancer of the colon is necessary to arrange special programs for its early detection.


  • Digital rectal examination and determination of the prostate serum antigen (PSA) annually over the age of 50 years.
  • In high-risk groups are included persons who have relatives in the family suffering from prostate cancer (appearance of a first degree cancer in two or more members of the family).


  • Neck of the uterus – taking a swab smear and gynecological examination for all women who have been or are sexually active – once a year.
  • Body of uterus – those women who have a high risk of having cancer should take samples of the endometrium (inside the womb) for histological analysis in early menopause.